In a column on food waste, Liz Goodwin of the World Resources Institute writes: "It takes more land than the size of China to grow all the food that’s never consumed." So it's easy to make the case that producing food that never makes it from farm to fork unnecessarily depletes natural resources. Food production also contributes to greenhouse gases -- whether the food is actually consumed or not. And in a world where so many go to bed malnourished, wasting food to the extent we do is tragic. Now a new report adds another compelling argument for reducing food waste – explaining how it helps businesses, consumers and even cities save money. – Liz Enbysk
Calling it a first-of-its-kind analysis of food waste, The Business Case for Reducing Food Loss and Waste study evaluated financial cost and benefit data for 1,200 sites across 700 companies in 17 countries, finding that nearly every site realized a positive return on its investment to reduce food waste.
In fact, the report found that for every $1 companies invested to reduce food loss and waste, they saved $14 in operating costs. It suggests companies, consumers and governments can save billions of dollars and millions of tons of food by acting to cut food loss and waste.
According to a press release from Champions 12.3, the organization that released the report, that 14:1 return on investment comes from:
- Not buying food that would have been lost or wasted
- Increasing the share of food that is sold to customers
- Introducing new product lines made from food that otherwise would have been lost or wasted
- Reducing waste management costs and other savings
“A third of the world’s food is wasted – and yet almost a billion people go to bed hungry each night. That simply cannot be right," said Dave Lewis, Group Chief Executive of Tesco and Chair of Champions 12.3. "But even if the moral imperative doesn’t move us, the clear business case should swing people to act. What this research shows is that there’s now no social, environmental or economic reason why we should not come together and take action to reduce food waste."
Savings all around
The researchers believe reducing food waste could save consumers a significant amount of money, based on a nationwide initiative that the UK ran several years back. It included consumer education through a “Love Food Hate Waste” campaign that involved in-store messaging on proper food storage and preparation and use of leftovers along with product innovations like re-sealable salad bags, changes to package sizes and formats and date labelling. There was also financing to establish baseline data on food waste and monitor progress on reduction.
During this period, according to Champions 12.3, for every £1 the government, companies and the non-profit organization WRAP invested in the initiative, consumers and local governments saved £250.
Over the first five years, avoidable household food waste was reduced 21% though later figures showed progress had stalled, suggesting a need to regularly evaluate, review and adjust approaches to food waste reduction.
Waste disposal costs drop
Meanwhile, six London boroughs ran a local pilot that mirrored the national initiative. "After just six months, participating households were wasting 15% less food, which translated to spending less money on food they would have typically purchased and thrown out," the researchers said.
The effort ultimately saved local authorities £8 in avoided waste disposal costs for every £1 invested, and an average of £84 for households participating.
“The success we saw in the United Kingdom proves that it’s possible to make real inroads in reducing food waste,” said Liz Goodwin, Senior Fellow and Director of Food Loss and Waste at World Resources Institute and the new Chair of the London Waste and Recycling Board. “The challenge now is to get every country, major city and company to realize that reducing food loss and waste is a win-win. There are far too many tough, intractable problems in the world -- food loss and waste doesn’t have to be one of them.”
Champions 12.3 is a coalition of executives from governments, businesses, international organizations, research institutions, farmer groups, and civil society "dedicated to inspiring ambition, mobilizing action and accelerating progress toward achieving Sustainable Development Goal Target 12.3 by 2030."
This article is from the Council's Compassionate Cities initiative which highlights how city leaders and other stakeholders can leverage smart technologies to end suffering in their communities and give all citizens a route out of poverty. Click the Compassionate Cities box on our registration page to receive our weekly newsletter.
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